Severe lower respiratory infections are a major cause of illness and death worldwide, and influenza contributes an unknown amount to this burden. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and particularly in rural areas, the quality of critical care provided to patients is often inadequate. This may be due to a lack of appropriate equipment, supplies, and technologies.
The shortage of qualified human resources is another issue. Critically ill patients often receive care from unsupervised health personnel with little or no relevant training. To address this challenge, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the Critical Care Training Short Course, with support from AMP for training design and development.

Course Aim

To build health worker capacity in the critical care management of patients with severe forms of influenza infection (e.g., severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome – ARDS, severe sepsis, septic shock).

Target Group

Non-specialist health care workers working in intensive care units (ICUs) in district and tertiary hospitals in LMICs.

Learning Outcomes

Participants will be able to: recognize patients with severe forms of influenza infection; deliver appropriate treatment; monitor critically ill patients; and prepare the ICU to manage cases in an appropriate and safe way.

Learning Approach

Developed with 33 critical care experts and training specialists, the Critical Care course offers an innovative, step-by-step learning approach that simulates the working environment (from hospital admission to discharge). Fully interactive, participants immediately put theory to practice through role-plays with five different patient profiles.

Learning Techniques

Lectures with Animated Films
For all 14 learning units, course instructors give a short presentation. Short animated films help to explain the most difficult concepts.


A hands-on practical guide provides participants with key tools (i.e. algorithms, checklists, information tables) conveniently organized by topic and complete with references. Instructors refer to the Toolkit during lectures, and participants use it during role-plays and take it back with them to the workplace.


Participants take turns playing the role of clinician and patient. Patient profiles include:

Instructor Guide

A highly detailed, step-by-step guide provides instructors with information to prepare and deliver the three-day training. Features include learning objectives, voice-overs for all lectures, answers to role-play questions, sample schedule, participant satisfaction survey, and pre- and post-tests.

Critical_Care_Training_brochure.pdf2.28 MB